an area of 954.96 sq km, is bounded by Dhaka and Narayanganj districts
on the north, Madaripur and Shariatpur districts on the south,
Comilla and Chandpur districts on the east, Dhaka and Faridpur
districts on the west. Main rivers are the Padma, Meghna, Dhaleshwari, Ichamati and Shitalakshya.
The southern and eastern parts of the district often fall victim
to erosion caused by the mighty Padma and
the Meghna respectively.
Main depression is Arial Beel covering an area of 4,330 hectare.
Annual temperature- maximum 36°C and minimum 12.7°C; total
rainfall 2,376 mm.
Munshigonj : (Town)
consists of 9 wards and 42 mahallas.The area of the town is 14.17
sq km. The population of the town is 52071; male 51.62% and female
48.38%; density of population is 3674 per sq km. Literacy rate
among the town people is 49.3%. The town has two dakbungalows.
Administration : Munshigonj
district, formerly a subdivision under Dhaka district, was
established in 1984. It consists of 6 upazilas, 67 union parishads,
662 mouzas, 906 villages, 18 wards, 73 mahallas and 2 municipalities.
The upazilas are Gazaria, Tongibari, Serajdikhan, Lohajang, Sreenagar and Munshiganj
heritage : Idrakpur
Fort (1660) in Munshiganj town, Panditer
vita (birth place of atish Dipankar Srijnan) at Bajrayogini, Baba
Adam's Mosque, Dighi of Raja Haris chandra, home stead of
Raja Ballal Sen, home stead of Raja Sreenath at Rampal, Rampal
Dighi, Kodal Dhoar Dighi, Shyamsiddhi
Math at Sreenagar, Hasara Dargah, Sholaghar Math, Bhagyakul
Rajbari, residence of Jagadis
Chandra Basu at Radhikhal, Jora Math at Sonarang, Kalibari
at Tongibari, Taltala Pancha-shikhara Mahadeva Temple, Talukdarbari
Mosque at Kusumpur, Tajpur Mosque, Patharghata Mosque, Kazishal
Bridge, Panch Pir Dargah, marble statue of Ashutosh Ganguly
inside the library room of Haraganga College.
events : The area comprising the districts of Munshiganj
stretching on the west of the Meghna and Dhaleshwari had
been included in the kingdom of vikramapur in the ancient period.
During the Sena rule Vikramapur in East Bengal had been the second
capital of the Senas in addition to their capital at Nadia. After
the fall of Nadia in the hands of bakhtiyar khalji (1204) the
Sena King lakshmanasena fled to Vikramapur and began to rule
East Bengal. After the death of Lakshmanasena (1206) his descendants
Visvarupasena and Kesavasena ruled in Vikramapur till at least
1223 AD. Some historians postulate that the sons of Lakshamanasena
ruled in Vikramapur up to 1243-45 AD. Raja Dasarathadeva Danujmadhava
(Danuj Rai), the Deva king of Chandradvipa, ousted the Senas
from Vikramapur in the third quarter of the thirteenth century
and ruled the south-eastern Bengal till the end of the thirteenth
the Mughal rule the present Munshigonj town including the outlying
areas was known as Idrakpur which
was named after the then Mughal faujdar Idrak. A village on the
outskirts of Munshigonj town is still known as Idrakpur. During
the British rule Idrakpur was renamed as Munshigonj after the name
of Munshi Enayet Ali, the local zamindar and the inhabitant of
the village Kazi Kasba in Rampal.
the war of liberation of 1971 the Pak army raided Munshigonj and
Kewar on 9 and 14 May respectively and killed some youths there.
They launched an attack on the innocent villagers at Gazaria
upazila on 5 May and killed about four hundred villagers by
gun-shot. The people of Narayanganj in alliance with youths of
Munshigonj resisted an attack of the Pak army on Narayanganj on
31 March. Hundreds of youths were recruited as freedom fighters
and were given military training at Dhalgaon area in the month
of July and they took part in various operations against the Pak
army. The freedom fighters raided Sreenagar police station on August
11, Lauhajang police station within a few days and the Tongibari
police station at the end of September, procured huge arms and
ammunitions and Lohajang police station was set on fire. The freedom
fighters attacked the motor-launches of the Pak-army on 24 September
at Galimpur and Goalimandra and killed more than one hundred Pak
soldiers. On the night of Shab-e-Qadr the freedom fighters numbering
only 115 launched a combined attack on the Pak army stationed at
Munshigonj and captured the town.
of War: Liberation Mass killing site 3, memorial monument
3, mass grave 1.
Population : 1,388,605
(male 50.09%, female 49.91%), Muslim 90.78%, Hindu 8.01%, Christian
1.2%, Buddhist 0.01%. Ethnic nationals include Snake charmers,
Cobblers (Rishi) and Scavengers of Munshir Hat.
institutions : Mosque 1,478, Temple 108, Tomb 10,
and educational institutions : Average literacy 35.8%;
male 40.3%, female 31.1%.
institutions : College 16, High School 82, Junior high school
11, Primary training institute 1, Technical Training Centre 3,
Madrasa 87, Government Primary School 423, Non-Government primary
school 78, Kindergarten 5, Mass-education centre 688.
and periodicals Daily : Munshigonjer Kaghaz, Weekly
Munshigonj, Weekly Munshigonj Sangbad, Monthly Vikrampur;
papers: Monthly Palli-Vijnan, Hindu Intelligencer, Mukti,
Vikrampur Patrika (1920), Gramer Katha (weekly, 1962), Anusandhan,
Chetana, Kaler Vela, Sangsaptak, Sarab, Kavitapatra, Vikrampur
Mukhasri, Weekly Vikrampur Barta, Vikrampur.
organisations : Club 267, Public library 16, Various
organisations 378, Women's association 47, Theatre group 10,
Jatra party 2, Drama stage 1, Cinema hall 15, Stadium 2, Museum
1, Musical Academy 2, Art School 1.
occupations : Agriculture 27.43%, agricultural labourer
21.96%, fishing 2.25%, hawker 1.02%, construction 1.57%, commerce
19.46%, service 9.28%, transport 1.67%, wage labourer 2.87% and
use : Cultivable land 56,594 Hectares; Single crop
23%, Double crop 44%, Triple Crop land 33%. Arable land under
irrigation 36%. Land control Among the peasants, 13.2% are landless,
27.06% marginal, 35.26% small, 18.65% intermediate, 5.83% rich;
cultivable land per head 0.047 hectare. Value of land The market
value of the first grade arable land is Tk 22,800 per 0.01 hectare.
crops : Potato, jute, rice, betel leaf, wheat, mustard,
sesame, gram, lentil, pea, chilli, coriander, ground nut, maize,
patal, karalla tomato, sweet pumpkin, vegetables. Extinct and
nearly extinct crops Indigo, kaun, linseed, arahar (pulse), kalai
fruits : Banana, mango, papaya, jackfruit, litchi,
melon, watermelon, black berry, pomegranate, guava, wood apple,
shaddock, plum, palm, coconut, elephant apple. Fisheries, poultries
and dairies Livestock and dairy 309, poultry 237, fishery 179,
hatchery 6. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 242.27 km,
semi pucca 127 km, mud road 1339 km; launch ghat 29, ferry ghat
16, boat mahal 5.
transport : Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and
bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat. Manufactories Large industries
6, medium industries 20, ice mill and cold storage 60, rice mill
19, saw mill 27. Cottage industries Cottage industries of various
categories 727. Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 101,
exports : Potato, banana, paddy, pathal, jute, betel
leaf, sweet pumpkin, vegetables, milk, milk food, sack, cotton
yarn, copper utensil, bamboo and cane materials.
activities : Operationally important NGOs are asa,
brac, grameen bank, caritas, World Vision, proshika, Samaj Parivartan
Kendra, Country Mission, CARE, RSD, Vikrampur Ayn Sahajya Sangstha,
Yuba Sangha, Mahila Angana.
centres : Hospital 1, Upazila Health Complex 5, Family
Planning Centre 48, Satellite Clinic 22, Mother & Child care
Centre 1, Charitable Dispensary 4, Private Clinic 4, Pathological
Laboratory 3, Artificial Breeding Centre 1, Veterinary Hospital
Page updated 15-06-2005 @ 1924 GMT