Thana with an area of 130.12 sq km, is bounded by Sreenagar
and Sirajdikhan upazilas on the north, Zanjira upazila on the
south, Tongibari upazila on the east, Shibchar upazila on the
west. The upazila often becomes a victim to the erosion of the
(Town) consists of three mouzas. It has an area of 3.82 sq
km. It has a population of 11683; male 52.24%, female 47.76%;
literacy rate among the town people is 43%.
thana was established in 1916 and was turned into an upazila in
1983. It consists of 12 union parishads, 115 mouzas and 134 villages.
events During the War of Liberation in 1971 the local freedom
fighters launched a surprised attack on the camp of the Pak army
at the police station of Lohajang on 14 April at dead of night
and captured huge amount of arms and ammunition. The police station
was set on fire by the freedom fighters. In the month of November
a battalion of Pak army while passing through the Sreenagar-Lohajang
canal were suddenly attacked by the freedom fighters. The skirmish
that followed continued for about twenty minutes with heavy casualty
on the side of the Pak army and the Razakars. The Pak army silently
evacuated their camp at Lohajang at dead of night. Lohajang was
thus liberated from the occupation army on 30 November.
Male 50.07%, Female 49.93%; Muslim 91.26%, Hindu 8.58%, others
institutions Mosque 220, temple 10, mazar (tomb) 4. Notable
institutions: Ghordaur Jami Mosque, Satgharia Mosque, Society
Jami Mosque, Hat Bhogdia Jami Mosque, Malir Anka Jami Mosque,
Bejgaon Kali Mandir, Kanaksar Durga Mandir, Tomb of Kadam Shah.
and educational institutions Average literacy 37.1%; male
40%, female 34.2%. Educational institutions: college 2, high
school 12, technical institute 2, madrasa 5, primary school (government)
66, (non-government) 5, kindergarten 5. Old institutions: Lauhajang
Pilot High School (1885), Kazir Pagla A T Institution (1901),
Kalma L K High School (1901), Brahmangaon Multilateral High School
(1902), Bat-tali Primary School (1870), Kalma Primary School
(1885), Kazirgaon Primary School (1895).
organisations Public library 10, press club 1, rural club
45, welfare association 4, women's association 5, cinema hall
1, playground 20.
occupations Agriculture 21.93%, agricultural labourer 19.25%,
wage labourer 2.2%, fishing 2.75%, hawker 2.87%, construction
1.41%, commerce 27.83%, service 8.29%, transport 7%, others 13.47%.
use Cultivable land 5,070 hectares, fallow land 125 hectares;
single crop 10.15%, double crop 87.94% and triple crop land 1.91%.
Cultivable land under irrigation 80%.
control Among the peasants 50% are landless, 39% small peasant,
8% intermediate, 3% rich; cultivable land per head 0.033 hectare.
of land The market value of the first grade arable land is
Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
crops Rice, potato, jute, mustard, wheat, gram (boot), pea,
sesame, sugarcane, coriander seed, pepper.
and nearly extinct crops Kaun, melon, balsam apple.
fruits Mango, banana, papaya, guava, pomegranate.
and dairies Fishery 5, livestock 59, poultry 25.
facilities Roads: pucca 20 km, semi pucca 10 km, mud road
395 km, waterways 32 nautical mile.
transport Boat, horse carriage (nearly extinct), palanquin
industries Weaving 15, copper and bell-metal work 50, welding
5, bidi (cigarette) factory 2, goldsmith 155, blacksmith 25,
potteries 20, carpenter 50, tailor 150.
bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 20, fairs 3.
exports Potato, jute, copper and bell-metal utensil, bamboo
and cane items.
Operationally important NGOs are caritas, brac, proshika, CARE,
centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite 4, family planning
last update 01-07-2005 @ 1200 GMT