and writer, was born on 2 December 1880 in Benares, son of Bhubanmohan
Sen, a physician whose ancestral home was in Vikrampur, Dhaka.
completed his MA in Sanskrit from Calcutta University in 1902 and
got the title of 'Shastri'. In 1907 he started working as Education
Secretary on the Chambaraj estate. On rabindranath tagore's invitation,
he joined the Santiniketan Brahmacharya Ashram in 1908 as principal.
He also accompanied Rabindranath during his travels in India and
China. From 1953-1954 he was a temporary vice-chancellor of Visva-Bharati.
was fluent in Sanskrit, Bangla, Hindi, English, Gujrati, Rajasthani,
Arabic and Persian. He did extensive research on medieval ascetics,
mendicants, and bauls. He was extremely knowledgeable about the
vedas, the upanisads, tantra and smriti. He was also adept in music
and Ayurveda. In 1946, he delivered the 'Lila Speech' at Calcutta
University. Amartya Sen, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics,
is his grandson.
wrote several books, among them Kabir (1910-11), Bharatiya Madhyayuger
Sadhanar Dhara (1930), Bharater Sangskrti (1943), Banglar Sadhana
(1945), Yuga Guru Rammohan (1945), Jatibhed (1946), Banglar Baul
(1947), Hindu Sangskrtir Svarup (1947), Bharater Hindu-Mussalman
Yukta Sadhana (1949), Prachin Bharate Nari (1950), Chinmay Banga
(1957), Rabindra-Prasanga (1961), Hinduism (1963), Medieval Mysticism
of India (1936) etc. He also wrote books in Hindi and Gujrati.
received the Rabindra Memorial Gold Medal (1942) and the first
Deshikottam from Visva-Bharati, the Mahatma Gandhi Prize (1953)
from Wardhar Hindi Language Publicity Society, the Murarka Prize
(1953) from Hindi Literary Conference of Proyag and Sarojini Basu
Gold Medal (1954) from Calcutta University. He died on 12 March
Added 28-07-2005 @ 1312 GMT