Sri Gan Autish Dipankar
Kazi Liakat Hossain
Having heard the name of unparallel genius Sri Gan Autish Dipankar the emperor of China stood up from his throne. This Savant of all times was born at the village Bajrajogini, Munishigonj Sadar Upazila, Bikrampur, in 982. He made a friendly bridge between Bengal (Bikrampur) and China one thousand years ago.
Today also the Lamas of Tibet pay homage to this savant, on a particular occasion and place floral wreaths on his grave. Autish was born in a royal family of Gore. His father's name was Kallayan Sree and his mother's name was Prava Bati. During his boyhood his name was Adinath Chandra Garva.
He took his primary lesson from his mother. His mother was an educated lady. He obtained five categories of science education from a great pendit Mr Abadhot Jaytari.
He became skilled in a very short time in handicrafts, grammar and mathematics. He had five wives at the early age. He was blessed with nine sons.
Having finished his early education from his teacher Jaytari, he came back and being asked by his father he gathered knowledge in Herajan, Mahajan, Tripitak, Bhaibashik philosophy and became scholar of all subjects. His name and fame spread all over the world. Once a Brahmin pendit asked him to come with him in a logical argument(tarkajuddha). He defeated that Brahmin savant and his scholarship spread all over East Asia.
After this, Autish Deepankar went to another wise "Bhikkhu" named Rahul Gupta for gathering knowledge on different subjects. Having gathered knowledge Rahul Gupta gave Autish the title 'Guzzagan Bajra". Only at the age of nineteen, he was made a disciple of Acharja Sheel Rakkhit and he was given the new title "Sreegan". He lived for more than ten years for gathering knowledge on Buddhist book and philosophy at Odantapuri Bihar. He was sent to "Shubarna Deep" ( at present Sumatra in Indonesia) to take more lessons on "Pragga Paramitta" and 'Tantra" by his teachers. Subarna Deep was the best religious centre for gathering Buddha religion's knowledge. He came back home after twelve years having gathered knowledge on different fields from his great scholar "Guru Chandra Kirti".
On his way back home he visited Shinghol, now SriLanka. He was made Chancellor of Bikranshell Mahabihar by the king of Bengal GourMaghat Pal Raj Nabopal. His name and fame spread in and around East Asia. For his valuable speech and skillful oratory he was invited to different Buddhist Bihars and Universities . His name and fame also reached Tibet by his students.
On frequent requests of the theme of Tibet Acharja Sreegan along with his some disciples , he arrived in the capital of Tibet in 1040. He was given a royal reception . In that reception he was offered tea. Deepankar was the only Bangali who drank tea first. He visited different places of Tibet and reformed the Buddhist religion.
For his vast knowledge he was given the title of "Autish or Sreshtha" by the emperor of China . He translated many Sanskrits and Pali books into Tibetian language. His many written books were discovered by Italian professor Tuchi and Pendit Haraprashad Shasri. Autish depankar wrote 175 books. Srigan Autish was not only an intellectual writer. He touched every subject and devoted himself to gathering knowledge wholeheartedly and became a great pendit. He is treated as a saint(Prophet ) of Buddhist community. He was also genius as a director and administrator, which is absent in general religious leader.
At a time he took 51 Acharjas and 108 Mandirs(temples) and served them and gave security to them very efficiently. He not only wrote religious books but also wrote medical science books.
One of them was how to get rid of head disease.
He was a linguist, an engineer and a word scientist. Internationally reputed Nalanda University and Bikramsheel University felt proud of two savants (pendits) like Sreegan Autish Depankar and Acharja Sheel Bhadra as its vice chancellors. Both of them were from Bikrampur and they were pure Bangalees. Sheel Bhadra's ancestral home was at the village 'Ganakpara' in Munshigonj Sadar Upazila, Bikrampur. Atish put a serious labour in his work in Tibet. So his health had broken. In 1054 at the age of seventy three at Nayang near Lasa city, 'Debimandir' which was built by him, he passed away. Before his death he lived in Tibet for long thirteen years. His ashes(after cremation) was preserved with great honour. His Shamadhi (cremation ground) was known as 'Grom'.
Atish Dipankar Sreegan gave leadership to a broken nation's religious life.
Tibet gave him immortality, having given the title of 'Jovo' means Pravo. He was the bright star in character, scholarship and sprituality.
If there is anything of which the Bangalee nation can feel proud, he is Atish Dipankar Sreegan. Present change in China could not wipe out the name of Atish Dipankar from the heart of the Chinese people. Till today, he is 'Jovo' or 'Pravo' to Chinese people. In the eye of historian 'Mathor' Atish Dipankar is the eye of Asia.
The following books were written by Sreegan Atish:
1. Budhi Padda Pradip,
2 Charge Sangraha Pradip,
3. Maddamo Padesh ,
4. Sangraha Garva,
5. Mahajan Patha Sadhan,
6. Mahamanab Pattha Sadhan,
7. Das Kushal Karma Upadesh,
8. Barna Bibhanga,
9. Sutrartha Shamachcha Upadesh and
10. Saptak Bidhi etc.
His some important messages are:
1. Do not seek fault with others, publicize self fault.
2. Publicize the quality of others, hide your own quality.
3. Do not be talkative, keep your tongue within a limit. Serve your Guru and Acharja etc.
etc For this great Savant, his one thousand years' birth anniversary was observed in 1982 in collaboration with the Bangladesh government and local religious organisations and many Buddhist Pendits from home and abroad paid homage to this pendit at his village home 'Bajrajogini' in Munshigonj Sadar Upazila of Bikrampur.
Before that, the Chinese government as a friendly gesture sent a golden casket in which cremated ashes of Atish Dipankar were kept and delivered to the Buddhist community of Bangladesh as a mark of respects to pendit. Godlen casket has been kept at Kamalapur Dharma Rajik Buddha Bihar. The road which runs through the Buddha Bihar from Kamalapur has been kept after his name 'Atish Dipankar Road' .
In every year Atish Dipankar Gold Medal is awarded to the citizen of the country who contribute something special in different fields .